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Deep Brain Stimulation for Movement Disorders

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep brain stimulation is a surgical procedure used to treat neurological symptoms caused by Parkinson's disease.

The procedure can help reduce symptoms such as:

  • Tremors
  • Rigidity
  • Stiffness
  • Walking problems
  • Slowed movement

Deep brain stimulation is generally used for patients who have symptoms that can't be controlled with medication. Before the procedure, a neurosurgeon uses an MRI or CT scan to identify what part of the brain is sending signals that cause Parkinson's symptoms. Then, a neurostimulator is surgically implanted in the brain. The small, battery-operated device electrically stimulates areas in the brain that control movement. This blocks the abnormal nerve signals that cause Parkinson's symptoms. A battery pack is also implanted under the skin, usually near the collarbone, chest or abdomen.

Deep brain stimulation is a safe treatment option for many reasons:

  • It does not damage healthy brain tissue
  • The procedure can be reversed
  • Stimulation from the neurostimulator is easily adjustable as the patient's condition changes

Deep brain stimulation offers many benefits to patients, including:

  • Decrease in Parkinson's symptoms
  • Decrease in medications
  • Decrease in side effects caused by medications